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Bodies of Water
Facts, Figures & General Information
People in Pool
It takes only a few seconds for a childhood drowning or near-drowning to happen. Usually, there are no warnings such as screams or splashing a drowning victim is in trouble. In addition to outdoor drowning hazards (i.e., swimming pools and hot tubs), young children are especially vulnerable to drowning risk areas inside the home including toilets, bathtubs and five-gallon buckets.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides these facts and figures:
  • In 2004, there were 3308 unintentional drownings in the United States, an average of nine people each day.
  • In 2004, 26% of all children between the ages of one and four years old died from drowning. Fatal drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury-related death for children ages one to 14 years.
  • Children under five and adolescents between the ages of 15 and 24 years have the highest drowning rates.

Safety Tips (a partial list)
  • Never leave a child alone near water to answer the telephone or doorbell, go to the bathroom or to attend to another child or household chores - even for a few seconds.
  • Keep a constant eye on young children playing in or near a body of water, wading or public pools, hot tubs or bathtubs. At large gatherings designate an adult to watch children at play and while in the water.
  • Fence your pool on all four sides with a barrier at least five feet high. To help keep children out, move Lawn chairs, tables and other potential climbing aids away from the fence.
  • Any gate or door leading to the pool area should be self-closing and self-latching and open outward away from the pool, with the latch placed on the pool side of the gate and out of the reach of children.
  • Install panic alarms on all house doors and windows leading to the pool area, automatic sliding-door closures and automatic safety cover over the pool. Always completely remove the cover before allowing children into the pool.
  • Drain off accumulations of water on the top of the pool cover. A child can drown in as little as two inches of water.
  • Keep reaching and throwing aids, such as poles and life preservers, on both sides of the pool.
  • All non-swimmers should always wear approved personal flotation devices (PFDs) when they are near the water.
  • Swimming lessons do not insure safety. A child who falls into water unexpectedly may panic and forget his/her swimming skills.
  • All child caregivers should know how to swim and CPR. Immediate CPR could prevent death or massive brain injury. Contact the American Red Cross for CPR training.

For more safety tips and other information about this topic and many others, visit the National Fire Protection Association.



10416 Watterson Trail   |   Jeffersontown, KY 40299   |   Ph: (502) 267-8333   |   Fx: (502) 267-0547
10416 Watterson Trail   |   Jeffersontown, KY 40299   |   Ph: (502) 267-8333   |   Fx: (502) 267-0547