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Burn First Aid
Facts, Figures & General Information
Proper wound care is important for any type of injury, but even more so for burns because burns destroy skin cells. Severe burns can damage all layers of skin and muscle so deeply the bone can also be affected. The first few minutes after a burn occurs – and proper treatment administered – can make a difference in the injury’s severity!

The Burn Institute® provides these steps for treatment:
  1. Stop the burning process. Remove the source of heat. If clothing is on fire, “Stop, drop and roll” to smother the flames.
  2. Remove all burned clothing. Clothing may keep in the heat and cause a deeper injury. If clothing sticks to the skin, cool the material or cut or tear around the area to preserve good skin tissue.
  3. Pour cool water over the burned area. Keep pouring the cool water for at least 3-5 minutes. Never put ice or cold water on a burn as it lowers body temperature and can make the burn worse.
  4. Remove all jewelry, belts, tight clothing, metal, etc. Remove from burned areas and around the victim’s neck as swelling of burned areas occurs immediately.
  5. Do not apply ointments, creams or butter to wounds. These things may cause infection because of their oil base and can convert wounds to deeper injury; hold in heat and worsen the burn; and have to be washed off by a physician, causing the patient additional discomfort.
  6. Cover burns with a soft, clean, dry dressing, bandage or sheet. Do not break blisters. Broken blisters are more vulnerable to infection.
  7. Cover the victim to keep him/her warm.
  8. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.

For more important safety information on this topic, visit the Burn Institute’s®.
Download a brochure on "First Aid for Burns" rom the Burn Prevention Foundation.

The Burn Institute®

10416 Watterson Trail   |   Jeffersontown, KY 40299   |   Ph: (502) 267-8333   |   Fx: (502) 267-0547
10416 Watterson Trail   |   Jeffersontown, KY 40299   |   Ph: (502) 267-8333   |   Fx: (502) 267-0547