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Cooking & Kitchen Safety
Facts, Figures & General Information
Fires started when cooking is left unattended is the number cause of home* fires and home injuries. Cooking-related fires accounted for:
  • 42% of all reported home structure fires,
  • 37% of all home civilian injuries and
  • 58% of the reported non-fatal home cooking fire injuries occurred when the victims tried to fight the fire themselves.
Safety Tips (a partial list)
  • Be alert! If you are sleepy, have consumed alcohol or taken medications that make you drowsy, don’t use the oven or the stovetop.
  • Stay in the kitchen while you are frying, grilling or broiling food. If you leave the kitchen for even a short time, turn off the stove.
  • If you are simmering, baking, roasting, broiling or boiling food:
    • check it regularly,
    • remain in the home and
    • use a timer to remind you that you are cooking.
  • Keep handles of pots on the stove turned inward. Cook on back burners when possible.
  • Keep anything that can catch fire – oven mitts, wooden or plastic utensils, food packaging, towels or curtains – away from the stovetop.
  • Have a “kid-free zone” of at least three feet around the stove and areas where hot food or drink is prepared or carried.
Cooking Safety 
NFPA Cooking Safety

If your Clothes Catch Fire

If your clothes catch fire, stop, drop and roll. Stop immediately, drop to the ground and cover your face with your hands. Roll over and over or back and forth to put out the fire. Immediately cool the burn with cool water for 3 to 5 minutes and then seek emergency medical care.
Chef Cooking   
If You have a Cooking Fire
  • Just get out! When you leave, close the door behind you to help contain the fire.
  • all 9-1-1 (or the local emergency number) after you leave.
  • If you try to fight the fire, be sure others are getting out and you have a clear way out.
  • Keep a lid nearby when cooking to smother small grease fires. Smother the fire by sliding the lid over the pan and turn off the stovetop. Leave the pan covered until it is completely cooled. NEVER throw water on a grease fire!
  • For an oven fire, turn off the heat and keep the door closed.
 For more important safety tips for microwave ovens and turkey fryers, visit the National Fire Protection Association.

NFPA's "Home Fires Involving Cooking Equipment" report by Marty Ahrens, November 2011.
Also see: Printable fact sheet on home fires involving cooking equipment.(PDF, 76 KB)

NFPA does not test, label or approve any products.

10416 Watterson Trail   |   Jeffersontown, KY 40299   |   Ph: (502) 267-8333   |   Fx: (502) 267-0547
10416 Watterson Trail   |   Jeffersontown, KY 40299   |   Ph: (502) 267-8333   |   Fx: (502) 267-0547