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Smoke Alarms
 Smoke Alarm Installation Facts, Figures & General Information
Properly installed and maintained smoke alarms are key to surviving a fire in your home. They provide early warning, helping to ensure your family has time to get out (and stay out!). Nearly 67% of home fire deaths resulted when fires occurred in homes without smoke alarms or without working smoke alarms.

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) provides these facts and figures: 
  • Ninety-six percent of all homes have at least one smoke alarm, according to a 2010 telephone survey. “Overall, three-quarters of all U.S. homes have at least one working smoke alarm.
  • Having a working smoke alarm cuts the chances of dying in a reported fire in half.
Safety Tips (a partial list)
  • Install smoke alarms in every bedroom, outside each separate sleeping area and on every level of the home, including the basement. For the best protection, interconnect all smoke alarms throughout the home. When one sounds, they all sound.
  • An ionization smoke alarm is generally more responsive to flaming fires, and a photoelectric smoke alarm is generally more responsive to smoldering fires. For best protection, both types of alarms or a combination alarm (photoelectric and ionization) should be installed in homes.
  • Smoke rises; install smoke alarms following manufacturer’s instructions high on a wall or on a ceiling. Save manufacturer’s instructions for testing and maintenance.
    Be sure the smoke alarm has the label of a recognized testing laboratory.
  • Smoke alarms are available for people who are deaf or hard of hearing. These devices use strobe lights. Vibration devices can be added to these alarms.
  • Smoke alarms are an important part of a home fire escape plan.
For more safety tips and other information about this topic and many others, visit the National Fire Protection Association.
Smoke Alarm - Safety at Home
NFPA Smoke Alarm -
Safety at Home

NFPA's "Smoke Alarms in U.S. Home Fires", by Marty Ahrens, September 2011.
Also see: Fact sheet on smoke alarm types, nuisance alarms, and more (PDF, 650 KB)
Also see: Fact sheet on smoke alarms in reported U.S. home fires (PDF, 94 KB)

NFPA does not test, label or approve any products.

10416 Watterson Trail   |   Jeffersontown, KY 40299   |   Ph: (502) 267-8333   |   Fx: (502) 267-0547
10416 Watterson Trail   |   Jeffersontown, KY 40299   |   Ph: (502) 267-8333   |   Fx: (502) 267-0547